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Thermodynamic analysis of hydrogen production from ethanol in supercritical water oxidation

TitleThermodynamic analysis of hydrogen production from ethanol in supercritical water oxidation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2555
Authorsณาวดี ศรีศิริวัฒน์
JournalApplied Mechanics and Materials
Date PublishedOctober 2011
Type of Articleบทความวิจัย
KeywordsEthanol, Hydrogen, Supercritical Water Oxidation, Thermodynamic Analysis

A thermodynamic analysis was performed for hydrogen production from ethanol reforming and oxidation in supercritical water (SCW) conditions. The minimization of Gibbs free energy was used to calculate the equilibrium composition to investigate the effect of operating conditions, pressure, temperature, H2O2:EtOH molar ratio and H2O:EtOH molar ratio, on product yields. The theoretical results indicated that the yields of hydrogen and carbon monoxide decreased as the pressure increased but a H2/CO ratio at atmospheric pressure was lower than that at SCW conditions. High temperatures increased the efficiency of hydrogen production although the amount of carbon monoxide also increased. The presence of oxygen led to great decreases in methane oxidized to carbon dioxide and water. The spending of some hydrogen oxidized to water resulting in a lower hydrogen yield. High H2O:EtOH ratios increased the yields of hydrogen and carbon dioxide but decreased the methane and carbon monoxide production. It is possible to conclude that high temperature, high H2O:EtOH ratio and low addition of oxygen should lead to best results in the SCWO of ethanol.