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Development of Cotton Candy Method for High Productivity Polypropylene Fibers Webs

TitleDevelopment of Cotton Candy Method for High Productivity Polypropylene Fibers Webs
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2561
Secondary Authorsสุภาภรณ์ ทุมสอน
JournalFIBERS AND POLYMERS
Volume19
Issue1
Pagination135-146
Date PublishedJAN 2018
Type of Articleบทความวิจัย
ISSN1229-9197
Accession NumberWOS:000423720800014
KeywordsCotton candy, Fiber entanglement, Microfibers, Polypropylene, Productivity
Abstract

The cotton candy method (CoCAM) is developed for high productivity of polymer micro-and nano-fibers. Polypropylene was molten in a single screw extruder of the CoCAM at air pressures of 0.2-0.5 MPa with nozzle temperatures of 280-350 A degrees C and the constant air temperature of 600 A degrees C. The distance from the nozzle to the collector was set at 10-90 cm. Thermal images informed the accumulation of PP fibers flows at shorter collector distance. The diameters of PP micro-fibers decreased with increasing the air pressures and the nozzle temperatures. Crystallinity of the PP micro-fibers increased when increasing the nozzle temperature due to higher occasion of molecular orientation. The degree of the fiber entanglement in the PP micro-fibers decreased when increasing the collector distance, which affected on the declination of tensile strength. Ductility of the PP micro-fibers improved at high collector distances. The optimum condition of the PP micro-fibers was found at the average diameter of 2.3 mu m at 0.5 MPa with the nozzle temperature of 340 oC collected at 60 cm. The productivity of the PP micro-fibers webs from the CoCAM was 144 g/h.

URLhttps://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs12221-018-7574-0.pdf
DOI10.1007/s12221-018-7574-0
Reprint EditionThumsorn, S (reprint author)